The GTPase dynamin I is essential for synaptic vesicle endocytosis in nerve terminals. It is a nerve terminal phosphoprotein that is dephosphorylated on nerve terminal stimulation by the calcium-dependent protein phosphatase calcineurin and then rephosphorylated by cyclin-dependent kinase 5 on termination of the stimulus. Because of its unusual phosphorylation profile, the phosphorylation status of dynamin I was assumed to be inexorably linked to synaptic vesicle endocytosis; however, direct proof of this link has been elusive until very recently. This review will describe current knowledge regarding dynamin I phosphorylation in nerve terminals and how this regulates its biological function with respect to synaptic vesicle endocytosis.
- © 2005 The Biochemical Society