This chapter deals with the tendencies in design of multivalent neoglycoconjugates for glycobiology research and high-throughput profiling technologies, including cellular phenotyping. Soluble polyacrylamide (PAA) conjugates are remarkable owing to a variety of possibilities for synthesis and application. PAA is soluble and stable, and the molecule is flexible, PAA-tethered ligands are capable of adjusting to a receptor during multiple-point interactions and PAA does not bind to the cell surface. Synthesis provides unlimited diversity of the probe types (biotin, fluorescein, allyl, digoxygenin, 3H, radiolabelled I), glyco-particles, glyco-surfaces, multiarrays, immunogens etc. Several examples illustrate the most advanced applications. (i) Dynamic systems: the selectin ligands immobilized on the surface as sugar–PAA conjugates made the study of the kinetics of rolling in the model system possible. Carbohydrate ligands that are covalently attached to the chip as sugar–PAA conjugates are of use with the surface plasmon resonance method. (ii) Pseudoglycoprotein: some questions arise regarding the biologically active glycoproteins, e.g.: is a carbohydrate or peptide fragment responsible for the activity? We have proposed the approach that promotes to answer this and other questions. The pool of oligosaccharides that were spitted off a glycoprotein is attached to PAA resulting in a pseudoglycoprotein. (iii) Virtual (dynamic) glycotope: receptor-ligand recognition, such as that of P-selectin with its receptor P-selectin glycoprotein ligand 1, frequently involves molecular interactions at two distinct sites. Using P-selectin as a model, we developed an approach to discover novel ligands. PAA was synthesized with multiple ligands; a marked synergistic inhibitory effect was observed.
↵1 E-mail: email@example.com
- © 2002 The Biochemical Society